The 8 parts of speech: definitions, types, and examples

The 8 parts of speech in English are noun, pronoun, adjective, verb, adverb, preposition, conjunction, interjection. Each word in a sentence belongs to one of these 8 parts of speech. Every part of those eight parts shows how the word functions within a sentence. So, every word in English can be categorized under one of these parts of speech. Also known as word classes.

A word can function as more than one part of speech in different sentences.

Examples:

Let’s see this example of the word learn and how it can function more than one part of speech.

Eg1: I learn grammar every day. (Verb)

Eg2: Learning grammar every day is really something I enjoy. (Noun)

 

As we can see, the word learn” functions as a verb in the first example and as a noun in the second example.

Let’s see another example with the word book this time.

Eg1: The book I’m reading is really helpful

Eg2: Next week I’m going to book a new hotel.

As we can see in the first example, the word book functions as a noun and in the second example as a verb.

So, a word functions within a sentence depending on how it is used and what circumstances used.

 

Noun:

A noun is one of the most used and important parts of speech. It is used to identify a person, animal, place, or idea.

Examples:

Person: John, Maya, Lara, Alexander…

Animal: dog, cat, fox…

Place: Paris, cinema, classroom…

Thing: computer, book, pen…

Idea: idea, thoughts, happiness…

 

Pronoun:

A pronoun is really important as nouns. It is commonly used to diversify within the paragraph and avoid repeating the noun each time.

Eg: John is really a disciplined person. He used to schedule and organize his time. Also, he is an active person by doing many activities during the day.

As we can see in this example we used the pronoun “he” to avoid repeating the noun John each time.

Pronoun examples:

I, you, she, he, it, we, they …

I will go to school tomorrow.

Sarah helps you a lot with grammar lessons.

She is a smart student.

He is a really kind person.

It was a nice trip we have today.

We learned a lot from grammarlite.com

They are always busy.

 

Adjective:

The adjective is a word that describes or modify the noun or the pronoun

Examples:

The green book out there is about English grammar.

The big, gray house we saw yesterday is mine.

More examples:

Good dog,

Kind man,

Red shoes,

Green book,

Large space.

An adjective is a word that describes or modifies a noun or pronoun.

Examples:

The green book out there is about English grammar.

Hard lessons, always

 

Verb:

A verb is a word that commonly used alongside a noun or a pronoun. Verbs used to describe an action or a state of being.

Examples:

Do, read, write, analyze, think, love…

She does her grammar lesson every day.

I love grammar.

John reads a lot.

We learned a lot from grammarlite.com

 

Adverb:

An adverb is a word that describes or modifies a verb, an adjective or another adverb.

Adverbs tell us: how, where or when

Eg:

She studies hard. (how?)

Go home. (where?)

My flight is tomorrow. (when?)

More examples:

She could do the job carefully.

He can learn new languages fast.

The kind man treated me gently.

 

Preposition:

A preposition is a word that comes before the noun or pronoun, and it shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words in the sentence.

Some common prepositions are: by, with, for, in, on, into, under…

Examples:

People used to rest under the tree.

The grammar book is on the table.

The little girl came with her brother.

 

Conjunction:

Conjunctions are words that join two or more words, phrases, or clauses.

There are many types of conjunctions. We can list from theme:

Coordinating conjunctions: For And Nor But Or Yet So

    • You can always remember them by the term: “FANBOYS”

Subordinating conjunctions: because, though, unless, while…

Examples:

I get high marks in English grammar, for making my parents happy.

I like the grammar subject, and my friend likes math.

John doesn’t understand English grammar, nor does he understand math.

I would like to hang out with my friends, but I need to finish my homework.

I need to buy a new tablet or repair my old smartphone.

I like technology, yet I don’t have any devices.

My parents wanted me to get high marks, so I studied hard.

I’m happy because I learned a lot about grammar.

I was studying while others were sleeping.

 

Interjection:

Interjections are words used to express feelings or emotions.

Some common interjections are: wow!, Ouch!, Heey!, Nop!, Oops!…

Examples:

Wow! Grammar is really easier than I thought.

Hey! I now understood my grammar lessons.

Yep! You can now learn grammar on www.grammarlite.com.

Now, let’s recap all what we learned in this lesson into a table 

The 8 parts of speech Table:

part of speech

Function

Example

Noun Name of person, thing, or an idea The computer is a useful device
Pronoun Take the place of the noun It is really important nowadays
Adjective Modifies or describes the noun The blue car is mine
Verb Describe an action or state of being I drive my car carefully
Adverb describes or modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. I drive my car carefully
Preposition shows the relationship between a noun or pronoun and other words The grammar book is on the table
Conjunction join two or more words, phrases, or clauses. I’m happy because I learned a lot about grammar.
Interjection express feelings or emotions. Wow! grammarlite.com is really helpful
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