In this lesson, we are going to see what prepositions are, their types, definition, and some examples.
prepositions are words that belong to “the 8 parts of speech” in English. It shows the relationship between a noun and other words within a sentence. A preposition always followed by a noun, and make a logical relationship within the sentence.
There are many prepositions in the English language divided into different forms and types.
There are five main types of prepositions in English as we list below. Let’s learn more about them and give some examples to make things clear.
Simple preposition: simple prepositions are words like in, to, for, on, with, at, from… that often used to express place, time, location.
the book is on the table
Books are in the box
They went to the market
I wrote the letter with a pen
She relaxes at home
Double preposition: double prepositions are two simple prepositions used together to often express directions.
Eg: into, upon, onto, within, without…
Papers turned into a book
Upon legends, there was a big green dragon
The bird flew onto the roof
The grammar book is within other books
The warrior came without a sword
Compound preposition: compound prepositions are two or more words consist of a simple preposition and another word.
Eg: according to, because of, in place of, instead of, in addition to…
According to legends, dragons were exist
Because of this issue, we will not continue with the same mistakes
After a hard day, In place of a nightmare, there was a nice dream.
Instead of a dictionary, I am using my phone
We have many resources in addition to our books to learn from
Participle preposition: participle prepositions are words ending with ing or ed. Ther are verb at origin functioning as prepositions.
Eg: during, following, including …
During the night, wind could be scary
Following the rules can keep you away from troubles
All resources should be well organized, including the books
Phrasal preposition: phrasal preposition consists of a preposition, an object, and the object modifier.
Eg: on the dirty ground, in the big box, after the heavy stone…
Neighbors children play on the dirty ground
The grammar book is in the big box
The kitten hide after the heavy stone
Types of prepositions: Functions within a sentence:
Preposition of time: show a relationship between a noun and another word, referring to time within the sentence.
eg: before, after, On, at, in, from, until, since, by…
They are supposed to finish before 6 PM
The game will be after tomorrow
The theater will open on 31 December
She is in the university since 2018
Preposition of place: show a relationship between a noun and another word, referring to place within the sentence.
Eg: over, under, On, at, in …
The grammar book is on the table
The kitten was under the shelf
The party was at home
All books are in the box
Preposition of direction: show a relationship between a noun and another word, referring to directions within the sentence.
Eg: between, through, behind, over, …
The car goes between mountains
It went through the tunnel
It passes behind houses
The car goes over the bridge
Preposition of agent: show a relationship between a noun and another word, referring to an agent within the sentence.
Eg: for, by, with …
The gift was for my wife
Sheets were by our teacher
The boy went with his uncle
Preposition of thing (device, tool, machine…): show a relationship between a noun and another word, referring to things within the sentence.
Eg: for, by, with …
The upgrade was for my car
The trip was by my bike
The computer works with batteries
In this lesson, we have seen what prepositions are, their types, definition, and some examples.
learn more about prepositions on our website in the lessons section.