In this lesson, we are going to look at Phrases, their types with examples.
A phrase is a group of words without a subject and a verb and it is a part of a sentence.
A phrase cannot stand by itself as a sentence.
A sentence can have many phrases.
There are nine common phrase types: noun phrase, verb phrase, adjective phrase, adverb phrase, prepositional phrase, infinitive phrase, gerund phrase, participial phrase, and appositive phrase.
Phrases: types with examples:
a noun phrase is a group of words that consists of a noun and it’s determiners or modifiers. The whole phrase works as a noun.
- The black car is mine
- The green book is about grammar
- The build becomes a nice, big house
The verb phrase consists of the main verb + auxiliary verbs-(AKA helping verbs).
- He is writing a new novel
- I was studying grammar
- I will be waiting for you
an adjective phrase acts as an adjective within the sentence and modifies a noun or pronoun in the sentence.
- The car at the corner is mine
- The book on the table is mine
- I gave her a nice beautiful gift
- (at the corner) In the first example, acts as an adjective that modifies the noun car.
- (on the table) in the second example acts as an adjective phrase that modifies the noun book.
- (a nice beautiful) in the last example acts also as an adjective phrase and modifies the noun gift.
an adverb phrase consists of an adverb and acts as an adverb. Like any adverb, an adverbial phrase modifies a verb, an adjective, or another adverb.
- I wrote my novel with a special pen
- I solve my exercises in a different way
- We are watching a good new film
- (with a special pen) In the first example, acts as an adverb that modifies the verb wrote.
- (in a different way) in the second example acts as an adverb phrase that modifies the verb solve.
- (a good new film) in the last example acts also as an adverb phrase and modifies the verb watch.
a prepositional phrase is a phrase that consists of a preposition and its object is a noun or pronoun.
- She was sitting on the chair
- The lesson was in an amphitheater
- The university occurs beside the market
an infinitive phrase consists of an infinitive + the base form of the verb; (to + base verb). It acts within the sentence as a noun, an adjective or an adverb.
- She loves to read books
- To get high marks, you have to study hard
- I am following a special diet to gain weight
a gerund phrase is a phrase that consists of a gerund (verb+ing), and acts as a noun within the sentence.
- Playing video games is my hobby
- I enjoy driving supercars
- Drawing nature makes me feel better
a participle phrase consists of a participle, that always acts as an adjective within a sentence. The participle can be a present participle (end with ing) or a past participle (end with ed).
- The car was broken making strange sounds
- The grammar book was disappeared within the mess
- Students left without made a noise
an appositive phrase defines a noun and provides non-necessary extra information.
- Paris, the beautiful city, visited by hundreds every year
- Professor John, a kind person, is my new friend
- Cheetah, the fastest animal, has a special body
you have also to be aware of the 8 parts of speech that we have already covered before in order to construct different types of phrases.
You can check the 8 parts of speech lesson from here.