## All 12 tenses: definition, examples, types, and formula

In this lesson, we are going to take a look at the All 12 tenses in English, their types, formula, with examples.

As you may know, there are 12 tenses in English divided into four groups.

Which are:

• Simple
• Perfect
• Continuous
• Perfect continuous

In this lesson, we are going to learn about all the 12 tenses in English grammar, its rules, formula with examples.

So, let’s take a look at each tense and its form with examples.

note:

S = Subject V1 = The basic form(eg: do/to do) V2 = The past form (eg: did) V3 = Past participale (eg: done)

## Present Simple.

The present simple can be a fact, a habit, or an action.

Form:   S + V1 + O

Examples:

## Present Continuous.

This particular tense refers to a temporary action that is happening now.

Form:   S + am/is/are + (V+ing) + O

Examples:

## Present Perfect.

This particular tense refers to an action that has already done without referring to time.

Form:   S + have/has + V3 + O

Examples:

## Present Perfect Continuous.

This tense expresses an action that has already started in the past, but it is still ongoing in the present.

Form:   S + have/has been + (v+ing) + O

Examples:

## Past Simple.

This tense refers to a completed action with a specific time in the past.

Form:   S + V2 + O

Examples:

## Past Continuous.

This tense refers to an action running in the past and intersects with another completed.

Form:   S + (was/were) + (V+ing) + O

Examples:

## Past Perfect.

This tense refers to an action that was completed in the past before another action or before a specific time.

Form:   S + had + V3 + O

Examples:

## Past Perfect Continuous.

This tense refers to an action that was in progress for some time in the past before another action.

Form:   S + had been + (v+ing) + O

Examples:

## Future Simple.

This tense is a planning action for the future at the time of speaking.

Form:   S + will/going to + V1 + O

Examples:

Note:

difference between (will and going to).

• going to” used for certainty (when we are sure about it).
• We use “will” when it not sure. We may do it as we may not.

## Future Continuous.

This tense refers to an action that is in progress at a specific time in the future.

Form:   S + will be + (v+ing) + O

Examples:

## Future Perfect.

This tense refers to an action that will be completed in the future before another action or before a specific time.

Form:   S + will have + V3 + O

Examples:

## Future Perfect Continuous.

This tense refers to an action that will have started and continued for some time in the future when Intersects with another action.

Form:   S + will have been + (v+ing) + O

Examples:

Let’s recap all what we have seen in this lesson into a table.

### All 12 types of tenses in English, table

Practice All English tenses in English with a variety of from here.

Check out our tenses converter.

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