Active and Passive voice: definition, form, examples, and rules on all tenses.

In this lesson, we are going to learn about active and passive voice. Its definition, form, examples, and rules on all tenses. 
Before we get to look deep in the passive voice. Let’s have a look about
what passive voice is, and how we construct it?

Active and passive voice form with an example:

John   ate   apple.
  S         V        O

As we can see, in this example the subject is doing the action to the
object with the form of SVO. In the passive sentence, the rules are simple, we just reverse the order. So, the sentence becomes as follows:

Apple was eaten by John.

As we can see, what was the object (apple) is now a subject following the form (OVS). The
the difference now is that the subject is receiving the action.

So, now, how do we create the passive, and what are the rules to do so?

We simply use the following form :

                 Be + PP
(verb to be) + (past participle)

Now, what is the reason, we use the passive voice?

We actually use the passive voice when the subject is unknown or not
important, And of course for the variety of sentences too.

Let’s see some examples to make things clear.

The lesson was completed.
The cars were sold.
The trees are planted.
The garden was cleaned.
The wall was painted.

As we can see in these examples above, we don’t care about the subject,
or simply it’s obvious.

Now, let’s move to the practice and see some examples in all tenses:

As we have seen, we use the form ( be + pp )

So, the verb to be is very important in this lesson. So, let’s take a look at
it.

The verb to be :

 

Present

Past Simple

Past Participle

am

was

been

He

She

It

is

was

been

You

We

They

are

were

been

                                                 

Active and passive voice examples on all tenses:

 

Active voice:

Passive voice:

Present Simple:

John eats apple

apple is eaten by John

Present Continuous:

John is eating an apple

apple is being eaten by John

Present Perfect:

John has eaten apple

apple had been eaten by John

Past Simple:

John ate apple

apple was eaten by John

Past Continuous:

John was eating an apple

apple was being eaten by John

Past Perfect:

John had eaten apple

apple had been eaten by John

Future Simple:

John will eat an apple

Apple will be eaten by John

Future Continuous:

John will be eating an apple

apple will be being eaten by john

Future Perfect:

John will have eaten apple

apple will have been eaten by John

 

This was the definition, the form, and some examples on all tenses in Active and passive voice.

Next time, we’ll see the opposite of what we have seen here (passive voice to active voice). 

 

 

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